The Rise and Fall of Bahrain's al-Wefaq Society
De-democratisation and crackdown in a troubled gulf state
This chapter examines the cycle of contention that began with Bahrain’s decade of political liberalisa-tion prior to the 2011 Arab Spring uprising, and ended with measures to dissolve the country’s last remaining legal political societies in 2017.
Shiʿi opposition and authoritarian transition in contemporary Bahrain
The shifting political participation of a marginalised majority
This thesis considers the impact of Bahrain’s 2011 Arab Spring uprising on the political participation of the country’s Shiʿi community, a ‘marginalised majority’ whose engagement has historically shifted in response to cycles of repression and liberalisation manifest within the political system.
From Protected State to Protection Racket
Contextualising Divide and Rule in Bahrain
Bahrain’s Royal Family, the Al Khalifa, has long pursued a strategy of divide and rule in order to prevent the emergence of cross-opposition coalitions, while exacerbating the country’s sectarian divide has become a critical means of ensuring regime survival.
Arena Magazine Article
Mohammed bin salman and the art of war
Mohammed bin Salman, the upstart Crown prince currently charged with dragging the Saudi monarchy kicking and screaming into the twenty-first century, is sometimes compared to Xi Jinping, who has similarly utilised a corruption crackdown to great effect as a means of clearing the field of political rivals.
Mediated Mobilisation after the Arab Spring
How online activism is shaping Bahrain's opposition
Drawing on fieldwork interviews and analysis of opposition social media posts, this article investigates how online forms of activism have been utilised by opposition groups during Bahrain’s post-Arab Spring crackdown.